How do you explain one guy living to 103 on a diet of cigarettes and bourbon, while a vegetarian athlete is cut down by heart disease at 30? Diet, exercise, stress and the environment all affect longevity, but the biggest wild card of all is DNA.
Every day scientists make headway in understanding the symbiotic relationship between our genes, choices and environment. Genetics isn't the only area of our health where science is progressing at lightning speed: the medical and technological fraternities are producing a host of new tests, gadgets and procedures that can determine everything from whether you'd perform better on hill climbs or flat surfaces while training for the Argus cycle race to the likelihood of your developing cancer-and at what age.
DNAlysis uses the latest scientific information on genetics as part of its DNA Fit genetic test. It's simple to administer and requires taking three cheek swabs and sending them to a lab for analysis. You receive a comprehensive report from DNAlysis, but it stresses the importance of having an accredited practitioner involved in assisting with the interpretation and management of the genetic advice.
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DNA Diet is one of the first products of its kind in the world, and amongst the most comprehensive and accurate weight-related genetic tests available. The genes comprising the DNA Diet test have associations with the body weight and body mass index, and all meet stringent criteria for utility in genetic screening tests.
DNA Diet reports on the following areas:
- Variations linked to obesity and being overweight
- Ability to lose or gain weight easily
- Responsiveness to exercise
- Mobilisation of fat from fat cells
- Ability to metabolise fats for energy
- Metabolic rate
- Absorption rate of dietary fat
DNA Health tests for genetic variations that are known to have a significant effect on health and susceptibility to chronic disease such as osteoporosis, cancer, neural tube effects, cardiovascular disease and diabetes amongst others. Nutrigenomics research has shown that individualised diet and lifestyle choices do have a significant effect on the expression of these genes- but also depends on early detection and appropriate intervention.
DNA Health reports on genes involved in the following metabolic areas;
- Cholesterol Metabolism
- Bone health
- Oxidative Stress
- Insulin sensitivity
- Food Responsiveness
DNA Oestrogen tests for a high risk polymorphisms that have been shown to effect metabolism of oestrogen and related compounds. Cumulative exposure to oestrogen has been shown to have a high correlation to the development of breast cancer. The test is therefore particularly important for women considering oral contraceptives hormone replacement therapy, bio-identical supplementation, women who are considering in vitro fertilisation or who have been diagnosed with oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer.
DNA Oestrogen reports on the following areas:
- Polymorphisms in key genes involved in metabolising oestrogen and related compounds
- Impact of high-risk polymorphisms
- Intervention stratagies for carriers
- Personal risk factors associated with HRT, Oral contraceptives, bio-identical supplementation and in vitro fertilisation
DNA Sport looks at genes that affect Power and endurance, Tendon Pathology and Recovery. Results provide insight into an individual’s potential for sporting performance and trainability, optimal exercise selection, recovery strategies and injury risk.
The test is suitable for the performance athlete as well as the recreational athlete looking to maximise their fitness potential and reach peak levels of conditioning.
DNA Sport reports on the following areas:
- Circulation and Blood pressure
- Cardio-pulmonary Capacity
- Muscle Fibre Specialisation and Hypertrophy
- Cardiac Input
- Muscle Metabolism
- Adaptability to Training Regimes
- Structural Integrity of Soft tissues
- Inflammation and Free Radical Stress