Due to very clear differences between the early and advanced stages of diabetes, a more sensible approach would be to differentiate treatment according to the stage presenting in a particular type 2 diabetic individual. During the early stages of the disease, (when a person would present with raised blood sugar and raised insulin levels), it would make more sense to offer treatment that would improve the cells` sensitivity to insulin, rather than increasing insulin levels through medication in such an individual. Addressing the diet and increasing the person`s activity levels, are key approaches in this early stage. There are many supporting studies available proving that these simple steps can delay if not prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes, even when a genetic component is present. Just half an hour of moderate exercise or physical activity in any form, combined with a reduction in body weight (5-10%), can reduce the onset of the disease by 58% in individuals at risk.
Metformin: Increasing Insulin Sensitivity
Metformin is a prescription drug that has been proven to increase insulin sensitivity in diabetic individuals that have mild to moderate hyperglycemia, but this drug has to be taken in conjunction with a balanced diet and moderate daily exercise. The Metformin drug works by increasing the liver's sensitivity to insulin. As a result of its effectiveness, Metformin has become the world`s most frequently prescribed anti-diabetic drug. In addition to increasing insulin sensitivity, Metformin has the benefit of stimulating weight loss, enhancing endothelial function and lowering cholesterol-triglyceride levels in the individual taking it.
There are various other nutrients that can also positively affect insulin sensitivity in the body. These nutrients also have the power to protect weak cell membranes and reduce the damaging effects of elevated glucose levels in the blood. For a winning combination, a patient has to adhere to an improved healthy diet, perform daily moderate exercise, use supplementation and prescription insulin-sensitizing drugs. All these factors together can have the effect of reversing mild to moderate hyperglycemia. If this can be done the patient can prevent needing stronger drugs and permanent damage to their bodies.
Drug Therapy For Advanced Diabetics
Unfortunately, not all individuals will have the luxury of knowing their type 2 diabetes have progressed to an advanced, more dangerous stage. Once a patient is in a state of severe hyperglycemia, the pancreas will burn out after it has had to produce high levels of insulin for a prolonged period of time. As the pancreas burns out, the production of insulin will drop, which in turn causes blood glucose levels to rise until it can create a toxic state in the body. Even though a patient adheres to all healthy lifestyle criteria of consuming a balanced diet, moderate exercise, and taking additional supplementation, prescription drugs might be the only option to improve the situation.